Kara Adai

Adai (mixed lentils crepe) is a traditional protein-rich dosa prepared using assorted lentils and rice. Adai may be prepared either crispy as liked by children or soft suitable for elders. When adai served with aviyal it becomes a complete meal as adai is made using various lentils & aviyal with medley of vegetables. Hence adai aviyal can be taken frequently so as to meet our daily requirement of protein, vitamins & minerals. 


Adai tastes best when served with  mor-kuzhambu  or can be simply served with coconut chutney.

IMG_0550.JPGHealth Benefits: It is a good idea for vegetarians/ vegans to take a mixture of various lentils along with rice to get a full spectrum of amino acids equivalent to the animal source of protein. You may also check this link from American Institute for Cancer Research to know more about the benefits of including lentils in our diet. Now the recipe for kara adai or paruppu adai is as below:

Time Taken (excluding soaking time): 30 min

Serves: 30 adai


  1. Idli Rice – 1 cup (200 g)
  2. Green gram (paasi paruppu) – 1/2 cup (100 g)
  3. Red Lentil (Masoor Dal) – 1/2 cup (100 g)
  4. Bengal gram (Kadalai paruppu)- 1/2 cup (100 g)
  5. Black gram (Ulundhu)- 1/2 cup (100 g)
  6. Red chillies – 10 Nos.
  7. Ginger – 1 inch piece
  8. Shallots (chinna vengayam) – 1/2 cup (100 g)
  9. Drumstick leaves (murungai ilai) – a handful
  10. Turmeric powder – 1 tsp
  11. Salt – 2 tsp
  12. Asafoetida (perungaya thool)- 1/4 tsp
  13. Coconut oil for drawing adai

Cooking Method :

  1. Wash rice & lentils and soak them together for 3 to 4 hours.
  2. Wash drumstick leaves, chop shallots finely & keep them aside.
  3. First we need to grind ginger & red chillies and then add soaked rice & lentils* into the mixer-grinder to grind into a slightly coarse batter by adding little water.
  4. Add turmeric powder, salt & asafoetida and mix them well.
  5. Add chopped onions & drumstick leaves to the batter.
  6. Pour adequate water to get the right consistency for drawing adai.
  7. Heat dosa griddle in medium flame.
  8. When it is hot, reduce flame to low and smear with oil.
  9. Pour batter using a ladle in the centre of griddle and spread out in circular motion with the desired thickness.
  10. Sprinkle oil over adai and around the edge.
  11. Increase flame to medium & cook adai till its bottom turns golden.
  12. Flip adai using dosa spatula and cook the other side also.
  13. Remove adai from griddle and repeat from step#9 to prepare as many adai as required.
  14. Refrigerate remaining batter for later use up to 3 days.
  15. Serve adai with a dollop of butter, jaggery and aviyal.

*I had to grind lentils & rice in 2 batches, first batch with chillies & ginger but you can grind them in one shot if you are using wet grinder.

Please Note:

  • To reduce the soaking time, people tend to soak grains or cereals in hot water. But it is not a good practice to soak them in hot water if you are intended to prepare a batter; they shall be soaked in hot water only when you plan to cook them immediately.
  • If lentils are not soaked completely, you are likely to notice the raw smell of lentils even after making adai.
  • You can also add red gram or thuvaram paruppu (half cup or 100 g); I did not include this as I don’t want to increase the quantity.
  • If you are taking drumstick leaves for the first time, it is better to saute them in a teaspoon of oil for improved digestion before adding into batter.
  • If you don’t like the flavour of shallots, you can saute them before adding into batter.
  • As lentils are not easily digestible I have added ginger.
  • You can also add chopped coconut pieces.
  • You may use sesame oil instead of coconut oil.

3 Comments Add yours

  1. Dipa says:

    Ahhhh!!! This looks too good. I love avial and dosa…… AHHHHH!!!

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you ! 🙂

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