Aadi Perukku

Aadi Perukku is a festival of fertility & prosperity celebrated in south India for over 500 years. It was mentioned in Sangam Tamil literature, Paripadal, written in the 14th century about the celebration of this festival. I like to quote a few lines from Paripadal so that we could comprehend how aadiperukku was celebrated in those days (if you are interested to read those Tamil verses, you can visit here: https://learnsangamtamil.com/Β ) :Β 

Courtesy: Google

“Women getting ready to bathe in the river urging their men to dress in festive clothing befitting the day;

Women carry incense, flowers, offerings & fire when the flood waters come to Vaigai river.”

In those days Aadiperukku was celebrated with fun & fervor in the river basins especially in the Cauvery, Vaigai & Thamiraparani rivers.Β It was also mentioned that even kings visited the river banks along with his men, horses & elephants and indulged in punalattam (water sports).

river basin
Courtesy: Google

On the day of Aadi Perukku farmers used to sow the seeds and business people venture into new business anticipating prosperity. According to Hindu Mythology rivers are treated as sacred waters as it brings prosperity to the entire region. In those days swelling rivers during monsoon were viewed as if the Goddess were pregnant, so women (particularly newly married) used to offer sweet & sour goodies, that are generally liked by pregnant women, to the flooded rivers wishing them fertility.

Courtesy: Google

We usually prepare chithrannam (a variety of rice dishes of various flavors) on this day and have them for lunch after offering to Goddess by immersing into the river.


I have prepared the traditional chithrannam consisting of sweet pongal, tamarind rice, coconut rice, mango rice & curd rice, and served with potato-peas fries, paruppu vadai, appalam, vadagam & lemon pickle. As a tradition we serve buttermilk, banana, paan (betel leaves & gulkand – a sweetened rose petals preserve) as a part of our festive meal. You may also check out my other chithrannam platter here:

You may click the links for the recipes of sakkarai pongal, puliyodharai & thayir sadam and refer the slideshows below that are self explanatory for the remaining recipes:

Coconut Rice :

Mango Rice :

Potato-peas Fries :


87 Comments Add yours

  1. Chelvi S says:

    So nice to read about the culture – Even though I am thamil as well, we don’t have this many celebrations in Sri Lanka. But looking back our ancestors might have done this before settling in Sri Lanka (which we don’t know when it happened)

    1. Megala says:

      Thanks so much ! I do find some of our recipes share the same similarities with Srilankan cuisine!

  2. Tiff says:

    Very interesting! Those coconut rice recipes look so yummy! πŸ™‚ Thanks for sharing!

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you so much !

  3. Thanx for sharing info on Aadi festival Megala, had been to Chennai a fortnite back and was actually wondering the significance of the festival πŸ™‚

    1. Megala says:

      Nice to hear that, many thanks for stopping by !

  4. mmm looks soooooooooooooo good!

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you and thanks for stopping by !

  5. Christy B says:

    So interesting~ I’m going to include this post about the festival of fertility in my blog roundup that I publish next Friday πŸ™‚

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you so much ! πŸ™‚

  6. Great post! Very interesting, thank you for sharing! I would like to let you know that I have nominated you for Mystery Blogger Award ☺️ Feel free to have a look https://withcoloursandcanitointhekitchen.blog/2017/08/17/mystery-blogger-award/

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you so much for your kind gesture !

      1. You are very welcome! πŸ™‚

  7. Wow such a lovely feast!!πŸ˜ƒ

    1. Megala says:

      Thank you! πŸ™‚

  8. We do celebrate this type of festival too.

    1. Megala says:

      Feeling great to know that! Thank you !

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